Salamanca can trace its history back more than 2,300 years when it was first settled by a Celtic tribe. But it wasn’t until the Romans took control of Helmantica (as Salamanca was then known), that the city began to grow in importance and influence. Thanks to its favourable position, Salamanca was visited by an important Roman road, helping to spread import and export opportunities for the city. The Roman bridge of the city, built in the 1st century, still stands to this day and was a part of this important Roman road.
Perhaps the most significant moment in Salamanca’s history occurred in 1218, when the University of Salamanca was handed a royal charter, making it one of the most prestigious academic centres in Europe. To this day, the university remains an integral part of life in Salamanca, and an important part of the city’s identity.
The academics of the city can be found enjoying Salamanca’s vibrant café and bar culture, enjoying a drink or two over sparkling conversation and heated debate.
Positioned just an hour away from the Portuguese border and close to the River Douro, Salamanca is a popular destination during a river cruise on the beautiful waterway. Significantly different to the villages and settlements which line the Douro, Salamanca is a unique experience for those cruising on the river.
With a rich history and a welcoming presence, Salamanca is a spectacular stop on a river cruise atop the Douro.